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Freedom

Teen Project

The freedom of gestures and materials

In painting, we’re free to try anything we want! We have the freedom to choose a conventional tool―our hands, a paintbrush, a brush―or to opt for something totally unconventional, like a piece of cardboard, string or even a broom!

Here’s a proposal for a creative project that invites you to celebrate Jean Paul’s commitment to the freedom to think, to act and to express oneself, while also discovering the immense diversity of direct and spontaneous gestures Jean Paul adopted in his quest to create freely. You’ll also have the chance to invent a totally new painting tool, unique to your creation.

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Intentions

Intentions

Project summary

Create a painted polyptych by using a newly invented tool and discover spontaneous gestures while painting.

Approximate time

5 hours

Technique

Painting

Notions

Flat Brushstroke

A painting movement that consists in applying a coloured pigments uniformly across a painted surface.

Varied Brushstrokes

A painting technique that consists in applying a colour in varying quantities and over areas of differing sizes on a surface that is a different colour.

Line

A continuous mark, real or projected. Lines are variable and have many characteristics: they can be drawn, painted, engraved, incised or tangible; wide, narrow, short, long, curved or straight.
Wide and narrow lines are defined by their varying width.
Short and long lines are defined by their varying length.
A straight line is defined by the mark's regularity.
A curved line is defined by the mark's curve.

Warm and Cool Colours

Colours that are associated with temperatures. For example, yellow, red and orange evoke heat; while blue, green and purple evoke the cold.

Tint

A degree of intensity, between black and white. No coloration goes into creating shades.

Tone

A degree of intensity, between black and white. No coloration goes into creating shades.

Value

The different degree (pale or light, medium or dark) or hue of a colour.

Impasto

The technique of applying a large quantity of coloured pigments to create depth. It creates thick layers that combine to produce a textured relief that stands out from the surface.

Tapping (or Tap)

A painting technique that consists in lightly and repeatedly hitting a surface with a tool (paintbrush, brush, etc.).

Spreading

Geste en peinture qui consiste à gratter avec un outil (ex.: une spatule) pour étendre la peinture.

Polyptych

A single work of art composed of at least four panels.

All-Over Painting

A style of painting in which the paint is spread in a more or less uniform way across an entire surface, even over its edges.

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Matériel

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Context

Every artist develops their own

style

A way of distinguishing oneself from others. A style includes various visual elements that can be associated to a given artist, a group of artists, an artistic movement, a period in history or a specific art school. Style is generally used to categorize pieces or artists.

. Works of art are like a signature, allowing you to identify the artist and what differentiates them from others. Sometimes we can identify them by the type of works they create: portraits, landscapes, etc.; sometimes by the

artistic movement

A group of artists who share ideas, thoughts, styles and challenges, and who explore a similar artistic practice together. A movement can be defined by a location, an ideology, an era, etc.

they’re a part of, such as

figuration

A shape that represents something real. It's the opposite of abstraction.

(in which we recognize the subject of the piece) or

abstraction

A shape that doesn't represent reality. It's the opposite of figuration.

. Finally, many painters can be identified by their distinctive style of painting.

For his part, Jean Paul Riopelle fell under almost all of these categories at one time or another. He hated being put in a box, relegated to a single style or category. He was a jack of all trades, experimenting with sculpture, painting,

figuration

A shape that represents something real. It's the opposite of abstraction.

and

abstraction

. It was his technique of using

painting knives

A painting tool that looks like a small flexible trowel used to scrape or apply very thick layers of paint (impasto).

―spatulas of all forms―and paint directly from the tube that made him an internationally celebrated painter.

This project is an opportunity to discover different painting techniques and gestures by making a

polyptych

A single work of art composed of at least four panels.

. This is your chance to innovate by inventing an unconventional tool that lets you paint freely!

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Take it one step further

Optional activities to complete during or after the project

jumelles

Digital fun

Interdisciplinary ICT ideas
Create an animated film

  1. Divide into two-person teams: one person will be responsible for taking photos and the other for manipulating the elements;
  2. When it’s time to finally mount all of the elements onto the foam board, create an animated short in an image by image style using the application of your choice. For example: FLIPANIM;
  3. See the detailed process document here: animation/stop motion.

Play with storytelling

Interdisciplinary English idea
Create a label

Create a label about your creation. Create a sign that contains the following information, to be placed next to your polyptych:

  1. An original title: invent a title that references the elements used to create your tool;
  2. Creator;
  3. Year;
  4. Technique and materials;
  5. A sketch of the invented tool;
  6. A summary of your experience creating the work;
  7. Optional: add a QR code to present your animated film (Digital Fun option).

Have fun with philosophy

A way to introduce philosophy to children
Use a philosophical question as a starting point for a thought experiment

  1. Explain what philosophy is;
  2. Set the parameters: listen to others, don’t pass judgment, don’t laugh at others, respect different opinions, etc.;
  3. Introduce the following questions: 
    1. What is abstraction?
    2. What is the difference between figuration and abstraction?
    3. Is the line between these two things always clear?
    4. Why should we use abstraction?
  4. Invite students to discuss these questions;
  5. Invite students to express whether they agree or disagree with their classmates;
  6. Encourage students to explain their ideas: “what do you mean?” or “can you give an example of your idea?”;
  7. Invite students to create a table that categorizes the actions we can take toward Mother Earth as either Caring or Destructive;
  8. Share the answers out loud;
  9. Throughout the exercise, jot down the answers in a mind map.
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Variations

easy@2x

Beginner

Limit the number of exercises;

Don't invent a tool. Choose tools that are easy to manipulate;

Skip the basic exercise.
medium@2x

Intermediate

Complete the project as given.
hard@2x

Advanced

Combine gestures on the different sheets of cardboard;

Add exercises covering additional ideas around colour.